Snapshot: Civil Citations
National Juvenile Justice Network
Dec 22, 2016

As stated in a report by the National Institute of Justice and the Harvard Kennedy School:

There is evidence that youth who have been institutionalized get into worse trouble, are more likely to commit worse crimes, are less employable, are more likely to be on a path toward lifelong failure, and are more likely to pass their problems on to their children.[1]

According to the report, state data show that:

  • 70 to 80 percent of incarcerated youth are rearrested within two to three years (Mendel, 2011);
  • incarcerating youth may actually increase recidivism;[2] and that
  • the financial costs of incarceration are enormous, with 34 states reporting incarceration costs of $100,000 or more per youth.[3]

Given this, interest is growing in finding ways to divert youth from the maze of the youth justice system while still holding them accountable and helping them to become contributing members of their communities.

Get the newsletter